nginx安装及配置支持php的教程(全)

2019-10-25 11:54:46 织梦安装使用
  • 文章介绍

pcre-7.8.tar.gz  正则表达式下载地址:ftp://ftp.csx.cam.ac.uk/pub/software/programming/pcre/ 
nginx-0.7.26.tar下载地址:http://www.nginx.net/  
php-5.2.6.tar.bz2下载地址:http://www.php.net/releases/ 
php-5.2.6-fpm-0.5.9.diff.gz 
php-fpm是为PHP打的一个FastCGI管理补丁,可以平滑变更php.ini配置而无需重启php-cgi下载地址:http://php-fpm.anight.org/ 
注:PHP的版本要和fpm的版本一致mysql-5.0.67.tar.gz 
Discuz!_6.0.0_SC_UTF8.zip

1、安装pcre


# tar -zxvf pcre-7.8.tar.gz 
# cd pcre-7.8 
# ./configure 
# make && make install

2、安装Nginx


# tar -zxvf nginx-0.7.26.tar.gz 
# cd nginx-0.7.26 
# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/nginx 
# make && make install
启动nginx# /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx 
停止nginx# kill -QUIT `cat /usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pid` 
重启nginxkill -HUP `cat /usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pid` 
添加到自启动# echo "/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx">>/etc/rc.local

3、安装mysql


# tar -zxvf mysql-5.0.67.tar.gz 
# cd mysql-5.0.67 
# groupadd mysql 
# useradd -g mysql -s /sbin/nologin -M mysql 
# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/mysql --with-charset=gbk --with-extra-charset=all --enable-hread-safe-client
--enable-local-infile --with-low-memory 
# make && make install 
# cp support-files/my-medium.cnf  /etc/my.cnf 
# chown -R mysql.mysql /usr/local/mysql/ 
# /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_install_db --user=mysql
# chown -R root.root /usr/local/mysql/ 
# chown -R mysql.mysql /usr/local/mysql/var/
启动数据库服务,并添加到自启动:
# /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe --user=mysql & 
#cp  support-files/mysql.server  /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld 
#chmod  755  /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld
加入自动启动服务队列:
#chkconfig --add mysqld 
#chkconfig  --level  345  mysqld  on添加root密码 
# /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqladmin -u root password "123456" 
测试一下:# /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql -u root -p输入密码:123456,看能不能进入到数据库
配置库文件搜索路径:
# echo "/usr/local/mysql/lib/mysql">>/etc/ld.so.conf 
# ldconfig 
# ldconfig -v 
添加/usr/local/mysql/bin到环境变量PATH中 
#echo "export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/mysql/bin">>/etc/profile 
#source /etc/profile

4、安装PHP

这里产生的是可执行文件,和apache的不一样,和apache结合的时候产生的是动态库


# tar -jxvf php-5.2.6.tar.bz2 
# gzip -cd php-5.2.6-fpm-0.5.9.diff.gz |patch -d php-5.2.6 -p1 
# cd php-5.2.6 
# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php --with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql --enable-fastcgi --enable-fpm  
--with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php/etc --enable-force-cgi-redirect 
# make && make install 
# cp php.ini-recommended /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini 
# vi /usr/local/php/php-fpm.conf

(1)127.0.0.1:9000修改为IP:9000 
//本机就用默认的127.0.0.1 

(2)下面这两行去掉注释并修改
/usr/sbin/sendmail -t -i
1
(3)nobody   //去注释 
(4)nobody  //去注释 
(5)127.0.0.1   //允许连接的PC,本机就用127.0.0.1
启动php-fpm# /usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm start添加到自启动# echo "/usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm start">>/etc/rc.local

5、修改Linux Nginx的配置文件,支持PHP


# vi /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf 
user  nobody; 
worker_processes  8; 
pid  /usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pid; 
worker_rlimit_nofile 1024; 
events 
{use epoll; 
worker_connections 1024;} 
http{ 
include   mime.types; 
default_type  application/octet-stream; 
server_names_hash_bucket_size 128; 
client_header_buffer_size 32k; 
large_client_header_buffers 4 32k; 
client_max_body_size 8m;
sendfile on; 
tcp_nopush on; 
keepalive_timeout 60; 
tcp_nodelay on; 
fastcgi_connect_timeout 300; 
fastcgi_send_timeout 300; 
fastcgi_read_timeout 300; 
fastcgi_buffer_size 64k; 
fastcgi_buffers 4 64k; 
fastcgi_busy_buffers_size 128k; 
fastcgi_temp_file_write_size 128k; 
gzip on; 
gzip_min_length  1k; 
gzip_buffers 4 16k; 
gzip_http_version 1.0; 
gzip_comp_level 2; 
gzip_types   text/plain application/x-javascript text/css application/xml; 
gzip_vary on; 

server { 
listen   80; 
server_name  www.abcdefg.com; 
root   /var/www/blog; 
index  index.html index.htm index.php; 
location ~ .*.(php|php5)?$ { 
root   html; 
fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000; 
fastcgi_index  index.php; 
fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  /var/www/blog$fastcgi_script_name; 
includefastcgi_params;} 
location ~ .*.(gif|jpg|jpeg|png|bmp|swf)$ 
{expires  30d;} 
location ~ .*.(js|css)?$ 
{expires  1h;}
log_format  access  $remote_addr - $remote_user $time_local "$request"  
$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer"  
"$http_user_agent" $http_x_forwarded_for; 
access_log  /var/logs/access.log  access;}}

注:server部分为PHP虚拟主机127.0.0.1:9000为fastcgi的PC,我这里用的本机/var/www/blog$fastcgi_script_name; 为PHP网页保存的目录测试配置文件:
# /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -t

6、优化Linux内核参数
# vi /etc/sysctl.conf 
在末尾增加以下内容: 


net.ipv4.tcp_fin_timeout = 30
net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_time = 300
net.ipv4.tcp_syncookies = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_tw_reuse = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_tw_recycle = 1
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 500065000

使配置立即生效:# /sbin/sysctl -p。

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